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Major Components of IoT

We all have heard about Internet of Things, IoT is a transformation process of connecting our smart devices and objects to network to perform efficiently and access remotely. What are the major components of Internet of Things?

Things or Devices

Things or Devices are the primary physical objects that are being monitored. Smart sensors attached to these devices are continuously collecting data from the device and transmitting it to next layer i.e. gateway.
Latest advancements in the semiconductor technology can produce micro smart sensors for various applications.

User Interface

User interfaces are the visible, tangible part of the IoT system which can be accessible by users. Designers will have to make sure a well-designed user interface for minimum effort for users and encourage more interactions.
User interface design has higher significance in today’s competitive market. Users will be interested in buying new devices or smart gadgets if it is user-friendly and compatible with common connectivity standards.


Internet of things creates massive data from devices, applications and users which must be managed in an efficient way. IoT cloud offers tools to collect, process, manage and store huge amount of data in real time. Industries and services can easily access these data remotely and make critical decisions when necessary.
Basically, IoT cloud is a sophisticated high-performance network of servers optimized to perform high-speed data processing of myriads of devices, traffic management and deliver accurate data analysis. Distributed management database systems are one of the indispensable components of IoT cloud.


Analytics is the process of converting analog data from interconnected smart devices and sensors into usable insights that can be processed, interpreted, and used for detailed analysis. Intelligent analytics is a must for IoT technology for management and improvement of the entire system.
One of the utmost advantages of an efficient IoT system is real-time smart analytics which helps engineers to find out irregularities in the collected data and act fast to prevent an undesired scenario. Service providers can prepare for further steps if the information is collected accurately at the right time.

Network Interconnection

The IoT’s major significant trend in recent years is the explosive growth of devices connected and controlled by the internet. The wide range of applications for IoT technology means that the specifics can be very different from one device to the next, but there are basic characteristics shared by most.
There are many technologies that enable IoT. Crucial to the field is the network used to communicate between devices of an IoT installation, a role that several wireless or wired technologies may fulfil.

System Security

Security is a critical element of IoT deployment, yet it is too often neglected in the development of systems. Everyday vulnerabilities in IoT are being exploited with malicious intent – yet most of them can be prevented simply and cost-effectively.
A secure system starts with the practice of eradicating vulnerabilities in IoT devices and equipping them with the means to resist, detect and recover from malicious attacks.

Central Control Hardware

A Control Panel manages the two-way data traffic between different networks and protocols. Another function of the control panel is to translate different network protocols and make sure interoperability of the connected devices and sensors.


Internet of Things has been evolving ever since it started its journey few years back. New technologies and protocols join IoT ecosystem to make it more accessible, cost effective, energy efficient and most importantly secure. We will witness a continuous development in IoT due to huge demands in different sectors.

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